Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE155841: Differential gene expression profile of FOLR2+ vs. FOLR2- tumor-associated macrophages

Bulk RNA sequencing

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are key components of the tumor microenvironment (TME) which can either promote tumor progression (M2) or induce antitumor immunity (M1). The hypothesis of our study is that the expression of FOLR2 is associated with an M2-like macrophage profile. The main goal of this study is to compare the transcriptomic profile of FOLR2 positive and FOLR2 negative TAMs obtained from the ascites of C57BL/6 mice bearing ovarian ID8 intraperitoneal tumors.; Abstract: The immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) represents a major barrier for effective immunotherapy. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are highly heterogeneous and plastic cell components of the TME which can either promote tumor progression (M2-like) or boost antitumor immunity (M1-like). Selective targeting of the pro-tumorigenic subset of TAMs represents an attractive therapeutic strategy. Here, we demonstrate that a subset of TAMs that expressing folate receptor (FR) possess an immunosuppressive, tumor-promoting M2-like profile, while FR negative TAMs feature pro-inflammatory M1 macrophage properties. In syngeneic tumor mouse models, the administration of FR-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells mediated elimination of FR+ TAMs in the TME, which resulted in an enrichment of pro-inflammatory monocytes, an influx of endogenous tumor-specific CD8+ T-cells, delayed tumor progression, and prolonged survival. Preconditioning of the TME with FR-specific CAR T-cells also improved the effectiveness of tumor-directed anti-mesothelin CAR T-cells, while simultaneous co-administration of both CAR products did not. Thus, CAR T-cell-mediated depletion of immunosuppressive M2-like TAMs incites a pro-inflammatory TME that broadens endogenous antitumor immunity and limits tumor progression, highlighting the pro-tumor role of FR+ TAMs in the TME and the therapeutic implications of TAM-depleting agents as preparative adjuncts to conventional immunotherapies that directly target tumor antigens. SOURCE: Alba Rodriguez Garcia ( - Upenn

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