Pluto Biosciences, Inc

GSE150588: Competition between PRC2.1 and 2.2 subcomplexes regulates PRC2 chromatin occupancy in human stem cells

Bulk RNA sequencing

Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) silences expression of developmental transcription factors in pluripotent stem cells by methylating lysine 27 on histone H3. Two mutually exclusive subcomplexes, PRC2.1 and PRC2.2, are defined by the set of accessory proteins bound to the core PRC2 subunits. Here we introduce separation-of-function mutations into the SUZ12 subunit of PRC2 to drive it into a PRC2.1 or 2.2 subcomplex in human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We find that PRC2.2 occupies polycomb target genes at low levels and that homeobox transcription factors are upregulated when this complex is exclusively present. In contrast with previous studies, we find that chromatin occupancy of PRC2 increases drastically when it is forced to form PRC2.1. Additionally, several cancer-associated mutations also coerce formation of PRC2.1. We suggest that PRC2 chromatin occupancy can be altered in the context of disease or development by tuning the ratio of PRC2.1 to PRC2.2. SOURCE: Thomas Cech (thomas.cech@colorado.edu) - University of Colorado Boulder

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