Pluto Biosciences, Inc

GSE87080: Transcriptional signature of lymphoblastoid cell lines of BRCA1, BRCA2 and non-BRCA1/2 high risk breast cancer families

Bulk RNA sequencing

Approximately 25% of hereditary breast cancer cases associated with a strong familial history can be explained by mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and other lower penetrance genes. The remaining high-risk families could be classified as BRCAX (non-BRCA1/2) families, in which no penetrant mutation has been found until now.; Gene expression involving alternative splicing represents a well-known mechanism regulating the expression of multiple transcripts encoded by individual genes, which could be involved in cancer development. Thus using RNA-seq methodology, the analysis of transcriptome in immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines of high-risk breast cancer individuals could reveal transcripts implicated in breast cancer susceptibility and development.; RNA was extracted from immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines of 117 women (affected and unaffected) coming from BRCA1, BRCA2 and BRCAX families. Anova analysis revealed a total of 95 transcripts corresponding to 85 different genes differentially expressed (Bonferroni corrected p-value <0.01) between those groups. Hierarchical clustering allowed distinctive subgrouping of BRCA1/2 subgroups from BRCAX individuals, without regard for the cancer status. We found enrichment for pathways in signaling cascades including mTOR and EIF2-related pathways. No transcripts were differentially expressed between BRCA1 and BRCA2 individuals, however out of 95 transcripts, 67 could discriminate BRCAX from combination of BRCA1 and BRCA2 individuals. On the other hand, 28 transcripts could discriminate affected from unaffected BRCAX individuals. These BRCAX-associated transcripts demonstrated enrichment in Telomere Extension by Telomerase and Double-Strand Break Repair by Non-Homologous End Joining mechanisms.; To our knowledge, this represents the first study identifying transcripts differentially expressed in immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines coming from the major classes of mutation-related breast cancer subgroups, namely BRCA1, BRCA2 and BRCAX. Moreover, some transcripts could discriminate affected from unaffected BRCAX individuals, which could represent potential therapeutic targets for breast cancer treatment. SOURCE: Francine Durocher (francine.durocher@crchudequebec.ulaval.ca) - Endocrinology and Nephrology CHU de Quebec Research Centre

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