Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE93526: Gene signature profiles in respiratory epithelium infected with nontuberculous mycobacteria

Bulk RNA sequencing

The incidence of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (PNTM) disease is increasing, but host susceptibility factors are not fully understood. We infected air-liquid interface (ALI) primary respiratory epithelial cell cultures with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) or Mycobacterium abscessus (MAB) and performed transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) to identify relevant gene expression differences. We used cells from 4 different donors in order to try to obtain generalizable data. The differentiated respiratory epithelial cells in ALI were infected with MAC or MAB at MOI of 100:1 or 1000:1, and RNA-seq was performed at 1 and 3 days after infection. We found downregulation of ciliary genes, including several identified with polymorphisms in previous PNTM cohorts. The cytokine IL-32, the superpathway of cholesterol biosynthesis and downstream targets within the IL-17 signaling pathway were all elevated. The integrin signaling pathway was more upregulated by MAB than MAC infection. Working with primary respiratory epithelial cells infected with nontuberculous mycobacteria at ALI, we identified ciliary function, cholesterol biosynthesis, chemokine production and the IL-17 pathway as major targets of host responses to infection. Some of these pathways may be amenable to therapeutic manipulation. SOURCE: Andrew,James,Martins ( - Systems Genomics and Bioinformatics National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

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