Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE151421: Sirt2 Inhibition Reprograms T Cell Metabolism to Confer Superior Anti-Tumor Immunity

Bulk RNA sequencing

Metabolism is a key driver of T cell functions, and the switch from oxidative-phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis is a hallmark of T cell activation. However, the mechanisms underlying the metabolic switch remain unclear. Here, we report that the Sirtuin-2 (Sirt2) deacetylase protein functions as a metabolic checkpoint that harnesses T cell effector functions and impairs anti-tumor immunity. Specifically, upregulation of Sirt2 expression in human tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs) negatively correlates with response to Nivolumab and TIL therapy in non-small cell lung cancer. Mechanistically, Sirt2 suppresses aerobic glycolysis by deacetylating key glycolytic enzymes. Accordingly, Sirt2-deficient T cells manifest increased glycolysis, display enhanced proliferation and effector functions, and have superior anti-tumor activity. Importantly, pharmacologic inhibition of Sirt2 endows human TILs with these superior metabolic fitness and enhanced effector functions. These findings indicate Sirt2 as an actionable target for reprogramming T cell metabolism to augment a broad spectrum of cancer immunotherapies. SOURCE: Sungjune Kim (Sungjune.Kim@moffitt.org) - RADIATION ONCOLOGY

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