Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE136640: CXCR5+PD-1+CD8+ T cells are a distinct sublineage of CD8+ Tfh cells and Stat5 suppresses the expression of the Tfh-specific genes in CXCR5+PD-1+CD8+ T cells [RNA-Seq]

Bulk RNA sequencing

Many autoimmune diseases are characterized by the production of autoantibodies. The current view is that CD4+ Tfh cells are the main subset regulating autoreactive B cells. Here, we discover a novel CXCR5+PD1+ Tfh subset of CD8+ T cells whose development and function are negatively regulated by Stat5. These CD8+ Tfh cells regulate the GC B cell response and control autoantibody production. Deficiency of Stat5 in CD8+ T cells leads to an increase of CD8+ Tfh cells, resulting in the breakdown of B cell tolerance and autoantibody production. CD8+ Tfh cells share similar gene signatures with CD4+ Tfh cells and require CD40L/CD40 and TCR/MHCI interactions to deliver help to B cells. Our study highlights the diversity of follicular T cell subsets that contribute to the breakdown of B-cell tolerance SOURCE: Robert Burns ( - Blood Research Institute, Versiti

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