Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE124164: GATA factor-mediated gene regulation in human erythropoiesis (RNA-Seq)

Bulk RNA sequencing

Human erythropoiesis is a stepwise process in which multipotent hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) are initially committed towards the erythroid lineage and then differentiated into mature erythroid precursors. Commitment and differentiation are tightly regulated by the coordinated action of a host of transcription factors, including GATA2 and GATA1. Although the role of GATA factors in erythropoiesis has been extensively studied, how they regulate transcription from early to late stages of human erythropoiesis still remains underinvestigated. Here, we investigated GATA-mediated transcriptional regulation along erythroid development through the integrative analysis of gene expression, chromatin modifications, and GATA factors binding in human HSPC, early erythroid progenitors, and late precursors. A progressive loss of H3K27 acetylation, a mark of active regulatory elements, and diminished usage of active enhancers and super-enhancers was observed during erythroid lineage commitment and differentiation. We found that GATA factors mediate the transcriptional changes occurring during erythropoiesis through a stage-specific interplay with regulatory elements. In particular, GATA1 binds different sets of regulatory elements in early progenitors and late precursors, and controls the transcription of distinct genes in commitment and differentiation. By Chromosome Conformation Capture and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing, we demonstrated that the binding of GATA1 to a stage-specific super-enhancer sustains the expression of the stem cell factor receptor KIT in human erythroid progenitors. This study provides insights into the dynamics of epigenetic and transcriptional interactions during erythroid development and highlights a new layer of GATA1-mediated regulation in erythropoiesis. SOURCE: Oriana Romano ( - Center for Genome Research University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

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