Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE146518: Fighting against promoter DNA hyper-methylation: Protective histone modification profiles of stress-resistant intestinal stem cells [RNA-Seq]

Bulk RNA sequencing

Aberrant DNA methylation in stem cells is a hallmark of aging and tumor development. Recently, we have suggested that promoter DNA hyper-methylation originates in DNA repair and that even successful DNA repair might confer this kind of epigenetic long-term changes. We here ask for interrelations between promoter DNA methylation and histone modification changes observed in the intestine weeks after irradiation and/or following Msh2 loss. We focus on H3K4me3 recruitment to the promoter of H3K27me3 target genes. By RNA- and histone ChIP- sequencing, we demonstrate that this recruitment occurs without changes of the average gene transcription and does not involve H3K9me3. Applying a mathematical model of epigenetic regulation of transcription, we show that the recruitment can be explained by stronger DNA binding of H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 histone methyl-transferases as a consequence of lower DNA methylation. This scenario implicates stable transcription despite of H3K4me3 recruitment, in agreement with our RNA-seq data. Following several kinds of stress, including moderate irradiation, stress-sensitive intestinal stem cell (ISCs) are known to become replaced by more resistant populations. Our simulation results suggest that the stress-resistant ISCs are largely protected against promoter hyper-methylation of H3K27me3 target genes. SOURCE: Torsten Thalheim ( - Leipzig University

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