Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE64969: T cell UTX promotes Tfh-mediated clearance of persistent virus infection

Bulk RNA sequencing

Epigenetic changes, including histone methylation, control T cell differentiation and memory formation, though the enzymes that mediate these processes are not clear. We show that UTX, a histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) demethylase, promotes the generation of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, a CD4+ T cell subset essential for B cell antibody generation and clearance of chronic viral infections. Mice with T cell specific UTX deletion (UTX TKO mice) had fewer Tfh cells, showed defective germinal center formation, lacked virus-specific IgG production, and were unable to resolve chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection. In UTX TKO T cells, decreased expression of IL-6R, and other Tfh-related loci, was associated with increased H3K27 methylation. Additionally, Turner Syndrome subjects, who are predisposed to chronic ear infections, have reduced UTX expression in immune cells and decreased Tfh frequency. Thus, we identify a critical link between UTX in T cells and immunity to infection. SOURCE: Joshua StarmerMagnuson University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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