Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE120299: Human Pancreatic Islets Expressing HNF1A Variant Have Defective cell Transcriptional Regulatory Networks

Bulk RNA sequencing

Using an integrated approach to characterize the pancreatic tissue and isolated islets from a 33-year-old with 17 years of type 1 diabetes (T1D), we found donor islets contained cells without insulitis and lacked glucose-stimulated insulin secretion despite a normal insulin response to cAMP-evoked stimulation. With these unexpected findings for T1D, we sequenced the donor DNA and found a pathogenic heterozygous variant in hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 alpha (HNF1A). In one of the first studies of human pancreatic islets with a disease-causing HNF1A variant associated with the most common form of monogenic diabetes, we found that HNF1A dysfunction leads to insulin-insufficient diabetes reminiscent of T1D by impacting the regulatory processes critical for glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and suggest a rationale for a therapeutic alternative to current treatment. SOURCE: NRIPESH PRASAD ( - HUDSONALPHA INSTITUTE FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY

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