Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE146358: The Dopamine Receptor Antagonist TFP Prevents Phenotype Conversion and Improves Survival in Mouse Models of Glioblastoma

Bulk RNA sequencing

Glioblastoma is the deadliest adult brain cancer and all patients ultimately succumb to the disease. Radiation therapy (RT) provides survival benefit of 6 months over surgery alone but these results have not improved in decades. We report that radiation induces a glioma-initiating cell phenotype and identified trifluoperazine (TFP) as a compound that interferes with this phenotype conversion. TFP caused loss of radiation-induced Nanog mRNA expression, activation of GSK3 with consecutive post-translational reduction in p-Akt, Sox2 and -catenin protein levels. TFP did not alter the intrinsic radiation sensitivity of glioma-initiating cells (GICs). Continuous treatment with TFP and a single dose of radiation reduced the number of GICs in vivo and prolonged survival in syngeneic and patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) mouse models of glioblastoma. Our findings suggest that combination of a dopamine receptor antagonist with radiation enhances the efficacy of RT in glioblastoma by preventing radiation-induced phenotype conversion of radiosensitive non-GICs into treatment resistant, induced GICs. SOURCE: Frank Pajonk ( - UC Los Angeles

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