Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE98142: Differential impact of Dicer deficiency on microglia of the developing and adult brain (Bulk RNA-Seq)

Bulk RNA sequencing

Microglia seed the embryonic neuro-epithelium, expand and actively sculpt neuronal circuits in the developing CNS, but eventually adopt relative quiescence and ramified morphology in the adult. Here we probed the impact of post-transcriptional control by microRNAs (miRNAs) on microglial performance during development and adulthood by generating mice lacking microglial dicer expression at these distinct stages. RNA seq of conditional dicer ablation in adult microglia revealed that miRNAs were required to limit microglial responses to challenge but had only minor changes on non-challenged microglia. Specifically, following peripheral endotoxin exposure of the animals (LPS), Dicer-deficient microglia either from total brain or hippocampus overexpressed pro-inflammatory cytokines and as a result compromised hippocampal neuronal functions. In contrast, prenatal ablation resulted in spontaneous microglia activation and revealed Dicer involvement in DNA repair and preservation of genome integrity. Overall, our study shows miRNA and Dicer regulation of inflammatory response either following challenge in the adult or spontaneously in the newborn microglia. Moreover, Dicer is required for preservation of microglia DNA integrity required for their proliferation, longevity and radioresistance. SOURCE: Steffen Jung ( - Steffen Jung The Weizmann Institute of Science

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