Pluto Biosciences, Inc

GSE107844: LncRNA Expression Profile of Human Thoracic Aortic Dissection by High-Throughput Sequencing

Bulk RNA sequencing

In this study, the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profile in human thoracic aortic dissection (TAD), a highly lethal cardiovascular disease, was investigated. Human TAD (n=3) and normal aortic tissues (NA) (n=3) were examined by high-throughput sequencing. Bioinformatics analyses were performed to predict the roles of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to validate the results. A total of 269 lncRNAs (159 up-regulated and 110 down-regulated) and 2, 255 mRNAs (1 294 up-regulated and 961 down-regulated) were aberrantly expressed in human TAD (fold-change>1.5, P<0.05). QRT-PCR results of five dysregulated genes were consistent with HTS data. A lncRNA-mRNA coexpression analysis showed positive correlations between the up-regulated lncRNA (ENSG00000269936) and its adjacent up-regulated mRNA (MAP2K6, R=0.940, P<0.01), and between the down-regulated lncRNA_1421 and its down-regulated mRNAs (FBLN5, R=0.950, P<0.01; ACTA2, R=0.96, P<0.01; TIMP3, R=0.96, P<0.05). The lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network indicated that the up-regulated lncRNA XIST and p21 had similar sequences targeted by has-miR-17-5p. The results of luciferase assay and fluorescence immuno-cytochemistry were consistent with that. And qRT-PCR results showed that lncRNA XIST and p21 were expressed at a higher level and has-miR-17-5p was expressed at a lower level in TAD than in NA. The predicted binding motifs of three up-regulated lncRNAs (ENSG00000248508, ENSG00000226530, and EG00000259719) were correlated with up-regulated RUNX1 (R=0.982, P<0.001; R=0.967, P<0.01; R=0.960, P<0.01, respectively). Our study revealed a set of dysregulated lncRNAs and predicted their multiple potential functions in human TAD. These findings suggest that lncRNAs are novel potential therapeutic targets for human TAD. SOURCE: jie sun (sj99363@126.com) - State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University

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