Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE112330: A novel reprogramming strategy to generate functionally competent human hepatocytes

Bulk RNA sequencing

Cell fate can be directly converted between differentiated cells by lineage reprogramming, thus generating multiple cell types across developmental lineages. However, lineage reprogramming is hindered by incomplete cell-fate conversion with residual initial cell identity and partial functions compared with the native counterparts. Here, we develop a high-fidelity reprogramming strategy, by mimicking the natural cell-fate changing route, thus permitting the production of functionally competent human hepatocytes from another cell type. We first converted fibroblasts into plastic hepatic progenitor-like cells (hHPLCs) and chemically induced them into mature hepatocytes. The molecular identity of human induced hepatocytes (hiHeps) are suggested a terminally differentiated state, resembling primary human hepatocytes (PHHs). Functionally, hiHeps were competent to replace PHHs for equivalent drug-metabolizing activities, toxicity prediction and hepatitis B virus infection. Remarkably, the stably robust expansion of hHPLCs allowed large-scale generation of mature hepatocytes. Our results demonstrate the necessity of taking a reprogramming step for plastic progenitors for efficient cell-fate conversion. This strategy is promising for the generation of other mature human cell types. SOURCE: Bingqing Xie ( - Peking University

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