Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE157609: IFI16 functions as an antiviral factor during influenza virus infection by binding viral RNA and enhancing the RIG-I signaling

Bulk RNA sequencing

RIG-I is thought to be the most important sensor of influenza virus infection and plays critical roles in the recognition of cytoplasmic dsRNA and activation of type I IFNs and initiates the innate antiviral immune responses. How the binding of viral RNA to and activation of RIG-I are regulated remains enigmatic. Here, by an affinity proteomics approach with viral RNA as the bait, we found that IFI16, previously identified as a DNA sensor, was significantly induced both in vitro and in vivo during influenza virus infection. Using an IFI16 knockout cells and p204-deficient mice model, we demonstrated that IFI16 enhanced RIG-I-mediated production of type I IFNs and thereby inhibited viral replication during influenza virus infection. Furthermore, we showed that IFI16 regulated the RIG-I signaling by enhancing its transcriptional expression through recruitment of RNA Pol II to the RIG-I promoter. We also verified that IFI16 directly interacted with both viral RNA by HINa domain and associated with RIG-I through its PYRIN domain as well as promoted influenza virus-induced K63-linked polyubiquitination of RIG-I. In addition, we found that IFI16 lost its ability to inhibit viral replication in the absence of RIG-I in virus-infected cells. These results indicate that IFI16 is a key regulator of the RIG-I signaling during antiviral innate immune responses, which highlights a novel mechanism of IFI16 in IAV and other RNA viruses infection, expands our knowledge in antiviral innate immunity, and suggests its possible use as a new strategies to manipulate antiviral responses. SOURCE: zhimin jiang ( - China agriculture university

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