Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE152841: KLRG1+ Memory CD8 T cells Combine Properties of Short-lived Effectors and Long-lived Memory

Bulk RNA sequencing

CD8 effector T cells with a CD127hi KLRG1- phenotype are considered precursors to the long-lived memory pool, while KLRG1+ CD127low cells are viewed as short-lived effectors. Nevertheless, we and others have shown that a KLRG1+ CD127low population persists into the memory phase and that these T cells (termed long-lived effector cells or LLEC) display robust protective function during acute re-challenge with bacteria or viruses. Whether these T cells represent a true memory population or are instead a remnant effector cell population that failed to undergo initial contraction has remained unclear. Here, we show that LLEC from mice express a distinct phenotypic and transcriptional signature that shares characteristics of both early effectors and long-lived memory cells. Furthermore, we find that LLEC are exclusively derived from day 12 KLRG1+ effector cells. Our work challenges the concept that the KLRG1+ CD127low population is dominated by short-lived cells and shows that KLRG1 downregulation is not a prerequisite to become a long-lived protective memory T cell. SOURCE: Todd,P,Knutson ( - University of Minnesota

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