Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE145945: Keap1 deficiency results in a genotype-specific dependency on Slc33a1

Bulk RNA sequencing

Approximately 20-30% of human lung adenocarcinomas (LUAD) harbor loss-of-function (LOF) mutations in Kelch-like ECH Associated-Protein 1 (KEAP1), which lead to hyperactivation of the antioxidant program downstream from the nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 (NRF2) transcription factor and correlates with poor prognosis13. We previously showed that Keap1 mutation accelerates KRAS-driven LUAD and produces a marked dependency on glutaminolysis4. To extend the investigation of genetic dependencies in the context of Keap1 mutation, we performed a druggable genome CRISPR-Cas9 screen in Keap1-mutant cells. This analysis uncovered a Keap1-mutant-specific dependency on solute carrier family 33 member 1 (Slc33a1), an endomembrane-associated protein with roles in autophagy regulation5, as well as a series of functionally-related genes implicated in the unfolded protein response. Targeted genetic and biochemical experiments using mouse and human Keap1-mutant tumor lines, as well as preclinical genetically-engineered mouse models (GEMMs) of LUAD, validate Slc33a1 as a robust Keap1-mutant-specific dependency. Furthermore, unbiased genome-wide CRISPR screening identified additional genes related to Slc33a1 dependency. Overall, our study provides a strong rationale for stratification of patients harboring KEAP1-mutant or NRF2-hyperactivated tumors as likely responders to targeted SLC33A1 inhibition and underscores the value of integrating functional genetic approaches with GEMMs to identify and validate genotype-specific therapeutic targets. SOURCE: A Bhutkar MIT

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