Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE148389: MiR-1253 exerts tumor-suppressive effects in medulloblastoma via inhibition of CDK6 and CD276 (B7-H3) (RNA-seq dataset)

Bulk RNA sequencing

Of the four primary subgroups of medulloblastoma, the most frequent cytogenetic abnormality, i17q, distinguishes Groups 3 and 4 which carry the highest mortality; haploinsufficiency of 17p13.3 is a marker for particularly poor prognosis. At the terminal end of this locus lies miR-1253, a brain-enriched microRNA that regulates bone morphogenic proteins during cerebellar development. We hypothesized miR-1253 confers novel tumor-suppressive properties in medulloblastoma. Using two different cohorts of medulloblastoma samples, we first studied the expression and methylation profiles of miR-1253. We then explored the anti-tumorigenic properties of miR-1253, in parallel with a biochemical analysis of apoptosis and proliferation, and isolated oncogenic targets using high-throughput screening. Deregulation of miR-1253 expression was noted, both in medulloblastoma clinical samples and cell lines, by epigenetic silencing via hypermethylation; specific de-methylation of miR-1253 not only resulted in rapid recovery of expression but also a sharp decline in tumor cell proliferation and target gene expression. Expression restoration also led to a reduction in tumor cell virulence, concomitant with activation of apoptotic pathways, cell cycle arrest and reduction of markers of proliferation. We identified two oncogenic targets of miR-1253, CDK6 and CD276, whose silencing replicated the negative trophic effects of miR-1253. These data reveal novel tumor-suppressive properties for miR-1253, i.e., (i) loss of expression via epigenetic silencing; (ii) negative trophic effects on tumor aggressiveness; and (iii) downregulation of oncogenic targets. SOURCE: Sidharth Mahapatra (,, - UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA MEDICAL CENTER

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