Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE72811: Functional Evidence Implicating Chromosome 7q22 Haploinsufficiency in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Pathogenesis

Bulk RNA sequencing

Purpose: 5A3+/del mice, which have a heterozygous germ line deletion of a 2-Mb interval of chromosome band 5A3 syntenic to a commonly deleted segment of human 7q22, exhibit hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) abnormalities that may contribute to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) pathogenesis. These defects are cell autonomous. The goal of this study is to compare transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) data obtained from HSC and multipotent progenitors (MPP) isolated from 5A3+/del mice and their wildtype littermates, in order to identify differentially expressed genes and pathways that may contribute to the phenotype.; Methods: Total RNA was isolated from CD150hi-HSC, CD150lo-HSC and CD150neg-MPP from wildtype and 5A3+/del mice. 10ng of total RNA was converted into double-stranded cDNA using the Ovation RNA Amplification System V2 (NuGen, CA), and the amplified cDNA products were then used to generate RNA-seq libraries using the TruSeq RNA Sample Preparation Kit v2 reagents (Illumina, CA) with 10 PCR amplification cycles. Library quality and quantity were assessed by the Agilent DNA1000 Chip (Agilent, CA) and qPCR (Kappa Biosystems Inc, MA). 10 pM of each library was sequenced using Illumina SBS chemistry at 2 x 100 bp reads on the HiSeq2000 (Illumina, CA). The RNA-Seq paired-end reads were mapped to the mouse mm9 genome using an in-house mapping and quality assessment pipeline. The expression of each gene was estimated by the mean coverage of the highest-covered coding exon. Genes with low expression level (<10) across all samples were filtered out, followed by quantile normalization. Differential expression analysis was performed using limma with estimation of false-discovery rate. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis was used to assess pathway enrichment.; Results:Transcriptome (RNA-Seq) and Taqman quantitative real-time PCR analyses revealed a ~50% reduction in the expression of multiple genes and of the long intergenic non-coding RNA 503142E22Rik within the 5A3 interval in mutant HSC and MPP. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) of the RNA-Seq data from 5A3+/del HSCs further demonstrated reduced expression of multiple gene sets related to oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) that are similarly down-regulated in the early stages of human therapy-induced MDS and AML.; Conclusions: Our study revealed that genes involved in OXPHOS were down-regulated in 5A3+/del HSC, and this finding provided novel insights into the impact of chromosome 7 deletions on the pathogenesis of MDS. SOURCE: Guangchun Song ( - Downing St Jude Children's Research Hospital

View this experiment on Pluto Bioinformatics