Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE107633: Effect of CBL0137 on nascent transcription in HT1080 cells [RNA-seq]

Bulk RNA sequencing

Small molecule curaxin CBL0137 has broad anti-cancer activity in different preclinical models. It interferes with histone-DNA interactions via binding to DNA without causing DNA damage. It resposents first in class "chromatin damaging" agent without genotoxic properties. Its effect on the transcription in human tumor cells was evaluated.; DNA-targeting small molecules are widely used for anticancer therapy based on their ability to induce cell death, presumably via DNA damage. DNA in the eukaryotic cell is packed into chromatin, a highly-ordered complex of DNA, histones, and non-histone proteins. These agents perturb chromatin organization. However, the mechanisms, consequences, and impact of the alterations of chromatin structure in relation to their anti-cancer activity is unclear because it is difficult to separate DNA damage and chromatin damage in cells. We recently demonstrated that curaxins, small molecules with broad anticancer activity, bind DNA without causing detectable DNA damage by interfering with histone/DNA interactions and destabilizing the nucleosome. Chromatin unfolding caused by curaxins is sensed by histone chaperone FACT. FACT binds unfolded nucleosomes, which leads to chromatin trapping or c-trapping. In this study, we investigated whether other DNA-targeting small molecules disturb chromatin and cause c-trapping. We found that only compounds directly binding DNA induce chromatin damage and c-trapping. Chromatin damage may occur in the absence of DNA damage and is dependent on the mechanism of compound binding to DNA and its ability to bind chromatinized DNA in cells. We show that FACT is sensitive to a plethora of nucleosomes perturbations induced by DNA-binding small molecules, including displacement of the linker histone, eviction of core histones, and accumulation of negative supercoiling. Most importantly, the cytotoxicity of DNA-binding small molecules correlates with their ability to cause chromatin damage , but not DNA damage. SOURCE: Katerina Gurova Roswell Park Cancer Insitute

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