Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE113117: Stabilizing Heterochromatin by DGCR8 Alleviates Senescence and Osteoarthritis

Bulk RNA sequencing

DiGeorge syndrome critical region 8 (DGCR8) is a critical component of the canonical microprocessor complex for microRNA biogenesis. However, the non-canonical functions of DGCR8 have not been studied. Here, we demonstrate that DGCR8 plays an important role in maintaining heterochromatin organization and preventing aging. An N-terminal-truncated version of DGCR8 (DR8dex2) accelerated senescence in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) independent of its miRNA-processing activity, which is mediated by its C-terminal domain. Further studies revealed that DGCR8 maintained heterochromatin organization by interacting with the nuclear envelope protein Lamin B1, and heterochromatin-associated proteins, KAP1 and HP1gamma. Overexpression of any of these proteins, including DGCR8, reversed premature senescent phenotypes in DR8dex2 hMSCs. Finally, DGCR8 was downregulated in pathological and naturally aged hMSCs, whereas DGCR8 overexpression alleviated hMSC aging and osteoarthritis in mice. Taken together, these analyses uncovered a novel, miRNA-independent role for DGCR8 in maintaining heterochromatin organization and preventing senescence. DGCR8 may therefore represent a new therapeutic target for alleviating human aging-related disorders. SOURCE: Zunpeng Liu ( - Jing Qu State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology

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