Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE121226: Calibrated CAR activation potential directs alternative T cell fates and therapeutic potency

Bulk RNA sequencing

CD19-specific CARs that comprise CD28 and CD3z signaling domains program highly performing effector functions that mediate potent tumor elimination, but they impart a relatively limited T cell lifespan. Increasing functional T cell persistence without reducing effector potency is therefore likely to further enhance the therapeutic success of 1928z CAR T cells. We demonstrate that the number and position of ITAMs in 1928z CAR T cells influence functional, phenotypic and transcriptional programs, resulting in profound effects on antitumor efficacy. Improved therapeutic potency of CAR T cells can thus be achieved by calibrating activation strength, thereby retaining memory functions and preventing exhaustion, without compromising effector functions. Our transcriptional analysis underscores the potential of ITAM dosage and position to direct different T cell fates. We were able to identify a novel CAR design, termed 1XX, which programs a favorable balance of effector and memory signatures, inducing increased persistence of highly functional CARs with the replicative capacity of long-lived memory cells and potent effector functions. SOURCE: Yu-Jui Ho ( - Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

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