Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE112991: Transcriptome profiling of Cryptosporidium parvum infected lung and intestinal organoids

Bulk RNA sequencing

Purpose: Transcriptome profiling of Crytosporidiumparvum infected lung and small intestinal organoids was performed to access the response of epithelial cells upon parasitic infection and to do a temporal analysis of the transcriptome of the parasite inside the organoid lumen.; We isolated RNA from infected human lung and small intestinal organoids at 24 and 72 hour post infection.; Methods: Organoids were grown in expansion or differentiation media and microinjected with equal amounts of Cryptosporidium oocysts. Media-injected organoids were used as a control .Expanding SI organoids were microinjected at 5-6 days after seeding, differentiated SI organoids were injected at 5 days after inducing differentiation. Lung organoids were incubated for 2 weeks after seeding for microinjection. RNA was extracted from 1-2 matrigel drops containing organoids. RNA was converted to cDNA and libraries were prepared using the CelSeq2 method and sequenced. Samples were sequenced on Illumina NextSeq500 by using 75-bp paired-end sequencing.; Methods: Paired-end reads from Illumina sequencing were aligned to the human transcriptome genome and C. parvum transcriptome genome (Iowa strain) by BWA. DeSeq (v1.18.0) was used for read normalization and differential expression analysis (p-value adjustment 0.05 by method Benjamini-Hochberg). Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed using gene lists for type I interferon response and regulation against normalized RNA-seq reads of injected SI and lung organoids using GSEA software v3.0 beta2.; Results: At 24 hr post-infection,GO (gene ontology)-term analysis revealed that a substantial number of genes related to cytoskeleton and cell mobility were up-regulated in lung organoids. This suggests that infection by the parasites and subsequent formation of the intracellular stages within 24 hrs might affects cytoskeleton structures of host cells. After 72 hrs, many genes associated with the type I interferon pathway increased dramatically in lung and intestinal organoids.; Results: After 72 hrs, many genes associated with the type I interferon pathway increased dramatically in lung and intestinal organoids. Multiple C. parvum genes were differentially expressed with a large fold change between 24 and 72 hr post-injection.At 24 hr post-infection, most of the enriched genes represented ribosomal proteins and ribosomal RNA subunits in both intestinal organoids and lung organoids. By contrast, at 72 hr post-infection, multiple oocyst-wall protein genes were up-regulated, confirming that the parasites formed new oocysts within the organoids.; Conclusions: RNA sequencing of injected organoids revealed host epithelial responses upon parasite infection in differentiated SI organoids as well as in lung organoids.Upregulation of genes associated with type I interferon immunity in both SI and lung organoids. SOURCE: Devanjali Dutta ( - Hans Clevers lab Hubrecht Institute

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