Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE143606: Critical Regulation of a NDIME/Mef2c Axis in Embryonic Stem Cell Neural Differentiation and Autism

Bulk RNA sequencing

Recent studies revealed that microdeletion of human chromosome 5q14.3 leads to the occurrence of neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual disability, and have identified Mef2c haploinsufficiency as a main cause. Here, we found that a brain-enriched long non-coding RNA, termed NDIME, is located near the Mef2c locus and is required for normal neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). Mechanistic studies showed that exons 1-3 of NDIME interacts with the major component of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) EZH2, blocking EZH2-mediated trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) at the Mef2c promoter, ensuring Mef2c transcription. Moreover, both the expression levels of NDIME and Mef2c were significantly downregulated in the hippocampus of autism model mice, while adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated expression of NDIME significantly increased the Mef2c expression and ameliorated autism-like behaviors. Collectively, our findings reveal an epigenetic mechanism of NDIME regulating Mef2c transcription and neural differentiation, and the potential effects and application of the NDIME/Mef2c axis in autism. SOURCE: Mingliang Bai ( - tongji university

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