Pluto Biosciences, Inc

GSE99307: Dynamic changes in murine forebrain miR-211 expression associate with cholinergic imbalances and epileptiform activity

Bulk RNA sequencing

Epilepsy is a common neurological disease, manifested in unprovoked recurrent seizures. Epileptogenesis may develop due to genetic or pharmacological origins or following injury, but it remains unclear how the unaffected brain escapes this susceptibility to seizures. Here, we report that dynamic changes in forebrain microRNA (miR)-211 in the mouse brain shift the threshold for spontaneous and pharmacologically-induced seizures alongside changes in the cholinergic pathway genes, implicating this miR in the avoidance of seizures. We identified miR-211 as a putative attenuator of cholinergic-mediated seizures by intersecting forebrain miR profiles that were Ago-precipitated, synaptic vesicle target-enriched or differentially expressed under pilocarpine-induced seizures, and validated TGFBR2 and the nicotinic anti-inflammatory acetylcholine receptor nAChRa7 as murine and human miR-211 targets, respectively. To explore the link between miR-211 and epilepsy, we engineered dTg-211 mice with doxycycline-suppressible forebrain overexpression of miR-211. These mice reacted to doxycycline exposure by spontaneous electrocorticography-documented non-convulsive seizures, accompanied by forebrain accumulation of the convulsive seizures-mediating miR-134. RNA-sequencing demonstrated in doxycycline-treated dTg-211 cortices over-representation of synaptic activity, Ca2+ transmembrane transport, TGFR-II signaling and cholinergic synapse pathways. Additionally, a cholinergic dis-regulated mouse model over-expressing a miR-refractory acetylcholinesterase-R splice variant showed a parallel propensity for convulsions, miR-211 decreases and miR-134 elevation. Our findings demonstrate that in mice, dynamic miR-211 decreases induce hyper-synchronization, non-convulsive and convulsive seizures, accompanied by expression changes in cholinergic and TGFBR2 pathways as well as in miR-134. Realizing the importance of miR-211 dynamics opens new venues for translational diagnosis of and interference with epilepsy. SOURCE: uriya Bekenstein (uriya.bekenstein@mail.huji.ac.il) - H. Soreq HUJI

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