Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE148118: Inhibition of Apoptosis Reduces Diploidization of Haploid Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells during the Differentiation

Bulk RNA sequencing

Phenotypes of haploid embryonic stem cells (haESCs) are dominant for recessive traits in mice. However, one major obstacle to their use is self-diploidization in daily culture. Although haESCs maintain haploidy well by deleting p53, whether they can sustain haploidy in differentiated status and the mechanism behind remain unknown. To address that, we induced p53-deficient haESCs into multiple differentiated lineages keeping a haploid status in vitro. Besides, haploid cells also remained in chimeric embryos and teratomas arising from p53-null haESCs. Transcriptome analysis revealed that apoptosis genes were down-regulated in p53-null haESCs, comparing to that in wild-type haESCs. Finally, we knocked-out p73, another apoptosis gene, and observed stabilization of haploidy in haESCs, either. These results indicated that the main mechanism of diploidization was apoptosis-related genes triggered cell death in haploid cell cultures. Thus, we can derive haploid somatic cells by manipulating apoptosis gene, facilitating genetic screens of lineage-specific development. SOURCE: Ling Shuai ( - Stem cells and Genetics Nankai University

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