Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE101730: The histone methyltransferase G9a is required for silencing of helper lineage genes in CD8+ T cells

Bulk RNA sequencing

During a binary cell fate decision, a progeny silences the gene expression program associated with the alternative fate. Helper versus cytotoxic lineage decision in the thymus has been studied as a model for gene silencing of alternative lineage genes, including Cd4. While RUNX3 is required for the initiation of Cd4 silencing, it remains unknown how silenced states of Cd4 and other helper lineage genes are maintained. We show that the histone methyltransferase G9a is necessary for heritable silencing of Cd4 and other helper lineage genes in CD8 T cells. Despite normal Cd4 downregulation during the development, G9a-deficient CD8 T cells fail to maintain silencing of helper lineage genes when they repeatedly divide under non-inflammatory conditions. However, Cd4 depression is prevented during division driven by elevated TCR signaling and an inflammatory cytokine signaling. These results reveal the requirement for G9a in silencing of helper lineage genes in CD8 T cells and also suggest that CD8 T cells employ an alternative mechanism to maintain their cellular identity during immune responses. SOURCE: Takeshi Egawa ( - Washington University School of Medicine

View this experiment on Pluto Bioinformatics