Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE156895: RNA-seq in ovarian tissues of prenatally androgenized (PNA) mice

Bulk RNA sequencing

To investigate the molecular mechanism of PCOS underlying the hyperandrogenic phenotype, prenatally androgenized (PNA) mice were used to mimic this phenotype in women with PCOS. Methylated DNA binding domain sequencing (MBD-seq) and RNA-seq were performed on PNA mice (n=6) and control group (n=4) and validations were applied on ovarian samples from PNA mice (n=6) and control group (n=6) using MSP (methylation-specific PCR) and qPCR. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) profiling was separately conducted on tissue sections and granular cells of PNA mice (n=6) and control group (n=6). We identified 857 genes with differently methylated promoters and 3317 differently expressed genes in PNA mice and control group. We found that PCOS group had a down-regulation of Dnmt1 gene expression, accompanied by global hypomethylation compared with the control group. The promoter regions of Map3k1(mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1) and Map1lc3ka (microtubule-associated protein1 light chain 3) were hypomethylated, accompanied by up-regulation of their mRNA expression, which may be involved in the regulation of PCOS through MAPK/p53 pathway activition and autophagy alteration. SOURCE: yani Kang ( - Shanghai Jiaotong University

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