Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE148583: Heme oxygenase-1 orchestrates the immunosuppressive program of tumor-associated macrophages [RNA-Seq]

Bulk RNA sequencing

Tumor-Associated Macrophages (TAMs) contribute to the maintenance of a strong immunosuppressive environment, supporting tumor progression and resistance to treatment. To date, the mechanisms that drive acquisition of these immunosuppressive features are still poorly defined. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the rate-limiting enzyme that catabolizes free heme. It displays important cytoprotective, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. A growing body of evidence suggests that HO-1 may also promote tumor development. Herein, we show that HO-1 is highly expressed in monocytic cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) once they differentiate into TAMs. Deletion of HO-1 in the myeloid compartment enhances the beneficial effects of a therapeutic antitumor vaccine by restoring CD8 T-cell proliferation and cytotoxicity. We further show that induction of HO-1 plays a major role on monocyte education by tumor cells by modulating their transcriptional and epigenetic programs. These results identify HO-1 as a valuable therapeutic target to reprogram the TME and synergize with current cancer therapies to facilitate antitumoral response. SOURCE: Stanislas Goriely (stgoriel@ulb.ac.be) - IMI Université Libre de Bruxelles

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