Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE146890: Polar infection of Echovirus 30 causes differential barrier affection and gene regulation at the blood-CSF barrier

Bulk RNA sequencing

Among the non-polio enterovirus (NPEV) Echovirus-30 (E-30) is responsible for extensive global outbreaks of meningitis in children. To gain access to the central nervous system (CNS), E-30 first have to cross one of the two main barriers, the epithelial blood-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) barrier (BCSFB) or the endothelial blood-brain barrier (BBB). Previously it has been shown that several meningitis causing bacteria preferentially infect human choroid plexus papilloma cells (HIBCPP) in a polar fashion from the basolateral cell side. Here, we investigated the polar infection with E-30 of HIBCPP cells. Both, apical and basolateral infections caused a significant decrease of the transepithelial resistance (TEER) of HIBCPP cells in a dose-dependent manner. However, to reach the same TEER decrease the multiplicity of infection (MOI) of the apical infection had to be 20 times higher than the basolateral infection. In line with this finding the number of infected cells at respective time-points after basolateral infection was significantly higher compared to apical infection. Cytotoxic effects of E-30 on HIBCPP cells during basolateral infection were observed following prolonged infection, and appeared more drastically compared to the apical infection. Evaluation of massive analysis of cDNA ends (MACE) RNA data comparing basolateral versus apical infection, revealed a distinct pattern of up- and down-regulated genes depending on the side of infection. Especially, the down-regulation of ITG5 upon basolateral infection can be correlated with a more drastic impact of E-30 on the HIBCPP cells when compared to apical infection, leading to structural changes. Also, type 3 interferon genes might be a factor involved in the polar effect of E-30 on HIBCPP. Altogether, the data highlights the polar effect of E-30 in HIBCPP cells as an important factor for an efficient infection. SOURCE: Marie Wiatr ( - Pediatric Infectious Diseases Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University

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