Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE122746: BCL6 reinforces brown adipocyte cellular identity to preserve thermogenic fitness

Bulk RNA sequencing

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) generates heat via uncoupled respiration, providing mammals with an evolutionary defense against environmental cold. Although the molecular pathways by which cold activates brown adipocytes are well understood, little is known about how BAT maintains its thermogenic capacity during adaptation to environmental warmth. Here, we identify the transcriptional repressor BCL6 as the switch for maintaining brown adipocyte cellular identity under warm conditions. Mice lacking BCL6 in their brown adipocytes display normal thermogenic responses when housed in a cool environment, but fail to maintain thermogenic fitness when housed under warm conditions. In a temperature-dependent manner, BCL6 suppresses apoptosis, fatty acid storage, and coupled respiration to maintain thermogenic competence in brown adipocytes. Enhancer analysis revealed that BCL6 reinforces brown-specific while opposing white-specific enhancers to maintain cellular identity. Thus, unlike other regulators, BCL6 is dispensable for differentiation and activation of brown adipocytes, but specifically required for their maintenance in warmth. SOURCE: Vassily,Igor,Kutyavin ( - Ajay Chawla University of California - San Francisco

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