Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE138177: Restoring chromatin accessibility for MLL reactivates latent tumor suppression-mediated vulnerability to proteasome inhibitors.

Bulk RNA sequencing

MLL undergoes multiple distinct chromosomal translocations to yield aggressive leukemia with dismal outcomes. Besides their well-established role in leukemogenesis, MLL fusions also possess latent tumor suppressive activity which can be exploited as effective cancer treatment strategies using pharmacological means such as proteasome inhibitors (PIs). Here, we show that wild-type MLL is indispensable for the latent tumor suppressive activity of MLL fusions. MLL dysfunction, shown as loss of the chromatin accessibility and subsequent degradation of MLL, compromises the latent tumor suppressive activity of MLL fusions and is instrumental for the acquired PI resistance. Mechanistically, MLL dysfunction is caused by chronic PI treatment-induced epigenetic reprogramming and can be specifically restored by histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. SOURCE: Maolin Ge (mge@whu.edu.cn) - Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

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