Pluto Bioinformatics

GSE142556: The oncogenomic function of androgen receptor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is directed by GATA3

Bulk RNA sequencing

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the sixth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Emerging evidence suggests that the androgen receptor (AR) is involved in ESCC tumorigenesis. However, how AR exerts its genomic functions in ESCC remains unknown. Here, by defining AR cistromes and analyzing androgen-regulated transcriptomes, we find that AR downregulates the majority of its target genes in ESCC cells. We further find that the pioneer factor GATA3 governs AR-repressed transcription by recruiting SMRT/HDAC3 co-repressors to target gene loci. Importantly, genetic inhibition of GATA3 or pharmacological inhibition of AR/HDAC3 relieves AR-mediated gene repression, leading to ESCC cell growth inhibition in vitro and in vivo. Our findings reveal molecular mechanisms underlying the oncogenomic function of AR in ESCC and identify the GATA3-directed AR transcriptional repression program as a therapeutic target for ESCC. SOURCE: Zhong Chen ( - Room 1027B, GSRB1 Duke University

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